Joint Publication from SimTech and SFB 1313: A new numerical mesoscopic scale one-domain approach solver for free fluid/porous medium interaction

December 12, 2023 / mm

SimTech and SFB 1313 researchers Rainer Helmig and Martin Schneider have published a new joint article in "Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering" toghether with colleagues from University of Palermo:

Costanza Aricò, Rainer Helmig, Daniele Puleo, Martin Schneider, A new numerical mesoscopic scale one-domain approach solver for free fluid/porous medium interaction, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering,
Volume 419, 2024, 116655, ISSN 0045-7825,


A new numerical continuum one-domain approach (ODA) solver is presented for the simulation of the transfer processes between a free fluid and a porous medium. The solver is developed in the mesoscopic scale framework, where a continuous variation of the physical parameters of the porous medium (e.g., porosity and permeability) is assumed. The Navier–Stokes–Brinkman equations are solved along with the continuity equation, under the hypothesis of incompressible fluid. The porous medium is assumed to be fully saturated and can potentially be anisotropic. The domain is discretized with unstructured meshes allowing local refinements. A fractional time step procedure is applied, where one predictor and two corrector steps are solved within each time iteration. The predictor step is solved in the framework of a marching in space and time procedure, with some important numerical advantages. The two corrector steps require the solution of large linear systems, whose matrices are sparse, symmetric and positive definite, with -matrix property over Delaunay-meshes. A fast and efficient solution is obtained using a preconditioned conjugate gradient method. The discretization adopted for the two corrector steps can be regarded as a Two-Point-Flux-Approximation (TPFA) scheme, which, unlike the standard TPFA schemes, does not require the grid mesh to be -orthogonal, (with the anisotropy tensor). As demonstrated with the provided test cases, the proposed scheme correctly retains the anisotropy effects within the porous medium. Furthermore, it overcomes the restrictions of existing mesoscopic scale one-domain approaches proposed in the literature.

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